Status Gizi Mahasiswa Universitas Pertahanan Republik Indonesia Program S1 Angkatan 1

Nutritional Status of Indonesia Defense University’s Student S1 Program Batch 1

Authors

  • Dwi Monik Purnamasari Fakultas Kedokteran Militer, Universitas Pertahanan Republik Indonesia, Sentul Bogor https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9407-6000
  • Yolanda Safitri Fakultas Kedokteran Militer, Universitas Pertahanan Republik Indonesia, Sentul Bogor
  • Elies Fitriani Fakultas Kedokteran Militer, Universitas Pertahanan Republik Indonesia, Sentul Bogor
  • Rachma Hidana Fakultas Kedokteran Militer, Universitas Pertahanan Republik Indonesia, Sentul Bogor
  • Adristi Anargya Athallah Fakultas Kedokteran Militer, Universitas Pertahanan Republik Indonesia, Sentul Bogor
  • Roy Envito Utama Fakultas Kedokteran Militer, Universitas Pertahanan Republik Indonesia, Sentul Bogor
  • Cahya Wahyudi Januarta Fakultas Kedokteran Militer, Universitas Pertahanan Republik Indonesia, Sentul Bogor
  • Astikahilda Maria Pangemanan Fakultas Kedokteran Militer, Universitas Pertahanan Republik Indonesia, Sentul Bogor
  • Handrian Rahman Purawijaya Fakultas Kedokteran Militer, Universitas Pertahanan Republik Indonesia, Sentul Bogor
  • Grace Joselini Corlesa Fakultas Kedokteran Militer, Universitas Pertahanan Republik Indonesia, Sentul Bogor
  • Alfa Januar Krista Fakultas Kedokteran Militer, Universitas Pertahanan Republik Indonesia, Sentul Bogor

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.25026/jsk.v3i6.1007

Keywords:

BIA, malnutrition, nutritional status, obesity

Abstract

Indonesia is currently having a double burden of malnutrition (undernutrition and obesity). Nutritional status affects human health quality. In 2020, Indonesia Defense University launched a new undergraduate program to fulfill the needs of human resources in military and ministry of defense. Early detection of nutritional status is needed to determine so that malnutrition can be followed up. This research was conducted by using a cross sectional method with the 288 subjects. Measurement of nutritional status was done through examination of Body Mass Index (BMI) and body fat percentage by using a Bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA). Result showed that based on BMI, 8% of all subjects were obese, 64.6% were in normal nutritional status, 20.1% were overweight, and 7.3% were undernourished. If classified by gender, 6.7% of male students were obese, 24.7% were overweight, 7.3% were underweight, and 61.2% were in normal nutritional status, while for female cadets, 10% were obese, 70% were normal, 12.7% were overweight, and 7.3% were underweight. Based on the percentage of body fat by using the BIA, it was found that 83.3% of subjects were normal and 16.7% of all subjects were obese. If classified by gender, 2.2% of male students and 40% of female students were obese. It can be concluded that the prevalence of obesity and underweight among all cadets according to BMI were relatively low, but the proportion of overweight and percent body fat among cadets were quite high.

References

[1] Kementerian Kesehatan RI BP dan PK (Balitbang). Riset Kesehatan Dasar (Riskesdas). Jakarta: Laporan Nasional. Jakarta: 2018.
[2] Astuti NFW, HE, & SS. Prevalensi dan Faktor yang Berhubungan dengan Terjadinya Beban Gizi Ganda pada Keluarga di Indonesia. Media Kesehatan Masyarakat Indonesia 2020;16:110–5.
[3] Shah AH BR. Body composition, its significance and models for assessment. Althea Medical Journal 2015;2.
[4] Rao KM ANRMBNLABG. Correlation of Fat Mass Index and Fat-Free Mass Index with percentage body fat and their association with hypertension among urban South Indian adult men and women. Ann Hum Biol 2012;39:54–8.
[5] Shils ME SMRACB. Modern nutrition in health and disease. 10th ed. Baltimore: Lippincot Williams & Wilkins; 2006.
[6] Thamarin N. Penilaian Status Gizi. Jakarta: PPSDM Kemenkes RI.; 2017.
[7] Gibson Rosalind. Principles of Nutritional Assessment. Ed 2. New York: Oxford University Press; 2005.
[8] Bethesda. National Institutes of Health: Clinical Guidelines on the Identification, Evaluation, and Treatment of Overweight and Obesity in Adults. 1998.
[9] Heinrich KM JNSR. Obesity classification in military personnel: a comparison of body fat, waist circumference, and body mass index measurements. J Mil Med 2008;173:67.
[10] Rachma Savitri Rohannisa Naja PAP. TNI Angkatan Udara dan Keamanan Wilayah Udara Indonesia. Jurnal Pembangunan Hukum Indonesia 2020;2:236–45.
[11] Andrizal. Analisis Yuridis Tentang Kedudukan Tentara Nasional Indonesia (TNI) Setelah Berlakunya Undang-Undang Nomor 34 Tahun 2004. Jurnal Ilmu Hukum 2014:110–9.
[12] Universitas Pertahanan. Laksanakan Upacara Pemberangkatkan Calon Mahasiswa Mahasiswa S1 Unhan Diksarmil di Akmil Magelang. https://www.idu.ac.id/berita/unhan-laksanakan-upacara-pemberangkatkan-mahasiswa-mahasiswa-s1-unhan-diksarmil-di-akmil-magelang.html. 2020.
[13] Hartz CS, SM, LCR, BJ, M. Effect of Inspiratory Muscle Training on Performance of Handball Athletes. Journal of Human Kinetics 2018;63:43–51.
[14] Burke LM MNPJ. National nutritional programs for the 2012 London Olympic Games: A systematic approach by three different countries. Nestle Nutr Inst Workshop Ser 2013;76:103–20.
[15] Beck KL, TJS, SRJ, von HPR. Role of nutrition in performance enhancement and postexercise recovery. Open Access Journal of Sports Medicine 2015;6:259–67.
[16] Acharya Y, LN, HMF, RW, RP, OAM, MS. Nutritional status, cognitive achievement, and educational attainment of children aged 8-11 in rural South India. PloS One 2019;14:e0223001.
[17] Inoue S. The Asia Pasific perspective:redifining obesity and its treatment. 2000.
[18] Konsensus Pengelolaan dan Pencegahan Diabetes Melitus Tipe 2 di Indonesia 2015. 2015.
[19] Hruby Adela HO, BL,MC,MS,YA,STJ. Trends in overweight and obesity in soldiers entering the US Army, 1989-2012. Obesity (Silver Spring) 2015;23:662–70.
[20] Reyes-Guzman CM BRF-HVWJ. Overweight and obesity trends among active duty military personnel: a 13-year perspective. Am J Prev Med 2015;48:145–53.
[21] LTC Stephanie Meyer S; LRCS. Army Body Composition Program Study Results Concerning: Enrollees Are More Over Fat Than Expected. Military Medicine 2019;184:400.
[22] Bin Horaib G A-KHMASMANBAAAA-AAAK. Prevalence of obesity among military personnel in Saudi Arabia and associated risk factors. Saudi Med J 2013;34:401–7.
[23] Fridawati AP. Hubungan antara asupan energi, karbhohidrat, protein, dan lemak terhadap obesitas sentral pada orang dewasa di Desa Kepuharjo, Kecamatan Cangkringan, Yogyakarta. 2016.
[24] Setyowati Rachmi Dewi. Sistem penyelenggaraan makanan, tingkat konsumsi, status gizi serta ketahanan fisik siswa pusat pendidikan zeni kodiklat tni AD bogor jawa barat. 2008.
[25] Nandita Nury Latifah AM,AR. Hubungan komposisi tubuh dengan kesegaran jasmani pada atlet hockey. Jurnal Keolahragaan 2019;7:146–54.
[26] Fink HH, MAE. Practical applications in sports nutrition. 4 th. Jones and Bartlett Learning; 2015.

Downloads

Published

2021-12-31

How to Cite

Purnamasari, D. M., Safitri, Y., Fitriani, E., Hidana, R., Athallah, A. A., Utama, R. E., Januarta, C. W., Pangemanan, A. M., Purawijaya, H. R., Corlesa, G. J., & Krista, A. J. (2021). Status Gizi Mahasiswa Universitas Pertahanan Republik Indonesia Program S1 Angkatan 1: Nutritional Status of Indonesia Defense University’s Student S1 Program Batch 1. Jurnal Sains Dan Kesehatan, 3(6), 864–869. https://doi.org/10.25026/jsk.v3i6.1007