Depresi pada Komunitas dalam Menghadapi Pandemi COVID-19: A Systematic Review

  • Haifah Maulida fakultas kesehatan universitas nurul jadid
  • Atika Jatimi Program Studi Profesi Ners, Fakultas Kesehatan, Universitas Nurul Jadid Paiton Probolinggo 67291, Jawa Timur Indonesia
  • Maulidiyah Junnatul Azizah Heru Program Studi Profesi Ners, Fakultas Kesehatan, Universitas Nurul Jadid Paiton Probolinggo 67291, Jawa Timur Indonesia
  • Zainal Munir Program Studi Profesi Ners, Fakultas Kesehatan, Universitas Nurul Jadid Paiton Probolinggo 67291, Jawa Timur Indonesia
  • Handono Fatkhur Rahman Program Studi Profesi Ners, Fakultas Kesehatan, Universitas Nurul Jadid Paiton Probolinggo 67291, Jawa Timur Indonesia
Keywords: Covid-19, Depresi, Kesehatan Mental, Komunitas.

Abstract

Pandemi COVID-19 dapat menimbulkan panik, rasa takut, khawatir, dan merasakan ada ancaman, semuanya akan menimbulkan emosi dan fikiran negatif sehingga berdampak kepada kesehatan mental. Tujuan: mengetahui tingkat depresi terhadap komunitas yang menghadapi pandemik COVID-19. Metode: pencarian database meliputi Google Scholar, Science Direct dan Proquest dengan kata kunci depresi dalam menghadapi COVID-19 dan koesioner Self-rating Depression Scale. Kriteria artikel yang dipilih ialah terbit tahun 2016-2020 dengan teks penuh dan berbahasa Inggris. Systematic Review ini menggunakan 15 artikel yang sesuai dengan kriteria. Hasil: Analisis dari lima belas artikel menunjukkan bahwa depresi komunitas disebabkan oleh faktor sosial dengan adanya kejadian tragis, tuntutan, peran sosial maupun dampak situasi kehidupan sehari-hari lainnya. Gejala yang muncul pada depresi diantaranya rasa takut, panik, cemas, stres dalam menghadapi pandemi COVID-19. Kesimpulan: Komunitas memiliki resiko yang tinggi untuk terkena depresi selama wabah COVID-19 berlangsung. Adapun yang melatar belakangi tingkat depresi pada komunitas selama pandemi berlangsung diantaranya tetap di rumah, menjaga jarak baik secara fisik (physical distancing) maupun soisal (social distancing) bahkan melakukan karantina wilayah (lockdown) untuk menghambat penyebaran virus corona.

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Published
2020-07-24
How to Cite
Maulida, H., Jatimi, A., Heru, M. J. A., Munir, Z., & Rahman, H. F. (2020). Depresi pada Komunitas dalam Menghadapi Pandemi COVID-19: A Systematic Review. Jurnal Sains Dan Kesehatan, 2(4). https://doi.org/10.25026/jsk.v2i4.201